The Second Largest Part of the Brain

The second largest part of the brain is the cerebellum. It is located at the back of the brain, just above the brain stem. The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating movement, balance, and posture. It also plays a role in learning and memory.

Structure of the Cerebellum

The cerebellum is divided into two hemispheres, each containing three lobes: anterior, posterior, and flocculonodular. Each lobe contains a number of small structures called folia that are responsible for processing information. The cerebellum also contains several nuclei that are involved in motor control.

Functions of the Cerebellum

The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating movement, balance, and posture. It also plays a role in learning and memory. In addition, it helps to regulate emotions and can be involved in language processing. Damage to the cerebellum can lead to problems with coordination, balance, and speech.
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