The Hippocampus and Memory Formation
The hippocampus is a part of the brain located in the medial temporal lobe. It is responsible for forming new memories, as well as consolidating short-term memories into long-term memories. The hippocampus is also involved in spatial navigation and the recall of previously learned information.
How Does the Hippocampus Work?
The hippocampus works by encoding information from short-term memory into long-term memory. This process involves transferring information from the hippocampus to other parts of the brain, such as the neocortex. The hippocampus also plays an important role in spatial navigation, allowing us to remember where we have been and how to get back there.
What Happens When the Hippocampus Is Damaged?
Damage to the hippocampus can lead to memory loss and difficulty forming new memories. People with damage to their hippocampus may experience difficulty recalling previously learned information or forming new memories. They may also have difficulty navigating familiar places or remembering how to get back home.