The bone located in the center of your rib cage is called the sternum. It is a flat, T-shaped bone that connects to the ribs and helps form the front of the rib cage.
Structure of the Sternum
The sternum consists of three parts: the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process. The manubrium is the uppermost part of the sternum and is shaped like a triangle. The body is the middle portion of the sternum and is slightly curved. The xiphoid process is the lowermost part of the sternum and is pointed at its end.
Function of the Sternum
The sternum serves several important functions in the body. It provides structural support for the rib cage, which helps protect vital organs such as the heart and lungs. Additionally, it acts as an attachment point for muscles that help with breathing and movement. Finally, it also helps to distribute forces from impacts or other physical activities throughout the chest.