Why Don’t Ants Attack Bee Hives?
Ants and bees are both social insects that live in colonies, but they have very different relationships with each other. While ants and bees may compete for resources, ants generally do not attack bee hives. This is because the two species have evolved to coexist peacefully.
The Benefits of Coexistence
Ants and bees both benefit from living near each other. Bees provide a food source for ants, as they collect nectar and pollen from flowers which can be eaten by ants. In return, ants protect the bee hive from predators such as wasps and spiders. The presence of ants also helps to keep the bee hive clean by eating dead bees and other debris.
In addition to the benefits of coexistence, ants and bees also have chemical defenses that help them avoid conflict. Bees produce a pheromone called Nasonov that alerts nearby ants to their presence. Ants also produce chemicals that repel bees, making it difficult for them to enter the ant colony or bee hive.
Overall, ants and bees have evolved to coexist peacefully with each other. The benefits of living near each other combined with chemical defenses make it unlikely that ants will attack bee hives. This allows both species to thrive without having to compete for resources.